Trademark is the most important asset of a business

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A Trademark generally refers to a “Brand” or “Logo”.

In today’s world, Trademark is the most important asset of a business. Registration of the trademark is obtained for the business name having distinctive catchphrases, taglines or options.
It is necessary to obtain trademark registration for the business name/trade name under the Trademarks Act as it provides protection against others who can use identical or similar marks for their business.
A trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device or any combination thereof, used or intended to be used to identify and distinguish a company’s product or services from other products or services in the market.

Trademark Classifications

Trademark classification is called as the classification of services and goods. There are many categories of the trademark that are classified into several classes. It is an orderly arrangement of documents according to the type and the description the services and goods. Trademark classification plays a major role to classify classes in almost all the countries. There are different classes for products and services. There are only 34 classes for products out of 45 classes and 11 for services.

Trademark Classes

A trademark classification is the most important classification according to services and goods. Trademark attorneys and trademark examiners understand the trademark classes and arrange documents, such as trademark and service mark applications, according to the description and scope of the types of goods or services to which the trademarks apply

Class 1: Chemicals

Chemicals used in Industry, Science, and Photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; Unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; Manures; Fire extinguishing compositions; Tempering and soldering preparations; Chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; Tanning substances; Adhesives used in industry

Class 2: Paints and Varnishes

Paints, varnishes, lacquers; Preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; Colorants; Mordants; Raw natural resins; Metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art.

Class 3: Soaps, Perfume, and Cosmetics

Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; Cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; Non-medicated soaps; Perfumery, essential oils, non-medicated cosmetics, non-medicated hair lotions; Non-medicated dentifrices

Class 4: Lubricants and Fuels

Industrial oils and greases; Lubricants; Dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; Fuels [including motor spirit] and illuminants; Candles and wicks for lighting.

Class 5: Pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; Sanitary preparations for medical purposes; Dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; Dietary supplements for humans and animals; Plasters, materials for dressings; Material for stopping teeth, dental wax; Disinfectants; Preparations for destroying vermin; Fungicides, herbicides

Class 6: Metal Goods

Common metals and their alloys, ores; Metal materials for building and construction; Transportable buildings of metal; Non-electric cables and wires of common metal; Small items of metal hardware; Safes; Metal containers for storage or transport

Class 7: Machinery

Machines and machine tools; Motors and engines [except for land vehicles]; Machine coupling and transmission components [except for land vehicles]; Agricultural implements other than hand-operated; Incubators for eggs; Automatic vending machines.

Class 8: Hand Tools

Hand tools and implements (hand operated); cutlery, forks, and spoons; side arms; razors.

Class 9: Electrical and Scientific Apparatus

Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signaling, checking [supervision], life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; Apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; Apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; Magnetic data carriers, recording discs; Compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; Mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; Cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, computers; Computer software; Fire-extinguishing apparatus

Class 10: Medical Apparatus

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; Artificial limbs, eyes, and teeth; Orthopaedic articles; Suture materials; Therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for the disabled; Massage apparatus; Apparatus, devices, and articles for nursing infants; Sexual activity apparatus, devices, and articles

Class 11: Environmental Control Apparatus

Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.

Class 12: Vehicles

Vehicles; Apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water

Class 13: Firearms

Firearms; Ammunition and projectiles; Explosives; Fireworks

Class 14: Jewelry

Precious metals and their alloys; Jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones; Horological and chronometric instruments

Class 15: Musical Instruments

Musical instruments

Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter

Paper and cardboard; Printed matter; Bookbinding material; Photographs; Stationery and office requisites, except furniture; Adhesives for stationery or household purposes; Artists’ and drawing materials; Paintbrushes; Instructional and teaching materials; Plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging; Printers’ type, printing blocks

Class 17: Rubber Goods

Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials; Plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture; Packing, stopping and insulating materials; Flexible pipes, tubes, and hoses, not of metal

Class 18: Leather Goods

Leather and imitations of leather; Animal skins and hides; Luggage and carrying bags; Umbrellas and parasols; Walking sticks; Whips, harness, and saddlery; Collars, leashes, and clothing for animals

Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials

Building materials [non-metallic]; Non-metallic rigid pipes for building; Asphalt, pitch, and bitumen; Non-metallic transportable buildings; Monuments, not of metal

Class 20: Furniture and Articles Not Otherwise Classified

Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; Unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl; Shells; Meerschaum; Yellow amber; Containers, not of metal, for storage or transport

Class 21: Housewares and Glass

Household or kitchen utensils and containers; Combs and sponges; Brushes [except paintbrushes]; Brush-making materials; Articles for cleaning purposes; Unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass; Glassware, porcelain, and earthenware

Class 22: Cordage and Fibers

Ropes and string; Padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics; Raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor; Tents and tarpaulins; Nets; Sails; Sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk; Awnings of textile or synthetic materials

Class 23: Yarns and Threads

Yarns and threads, for textile use

Class 24: Fabrics

Textiles and substitutes for textiles; Household linen; Curtains of textile or plastic

Class 25: Clothing

Clothing, footwear, headgear

Class 26: Fancy Goods

Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; Buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; Artificial flowers; Hair decorations; False hair

Class 27: Floor Coverings

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; Wall hangings [non-textile]

Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods

Games, toys, and playthings; Gymnastic and sporting articles; Decorations for Christmas trees; Video game apparatus

Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods

Meat, fish, poultry, and game; Meat extracts; Preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; Jellies, jams, compotes; Eggs; Milk and milk products; Edible oils and fats

Class 30: Staple Foods

Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; Rice; Tapioca and sago; Flour and preparations made from cereals; Bread, pastries and confectionery; Edible ices; Sugar, honey, treacle; Yeast, baking-powder; Salt; Mustard; Vinegar, sauces [condiments]; Spices; Ice

Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products

Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; living animals, fresh fruits and vegetables, natural plants, seeds, and flowers, foodstuffs for animals and malt. Agriculture food products, Wheat products, Agro products, wheat flour, food products, poultry, ingredients, sesame seeds, cotton seeds and groundnuts.

Class 32: Light Beverages

Beers; Mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic beverages; Fruit beverages and fruit juices; Syrups and other preparations for making beverages

Class 33: Wines and Spirits

Alcoholic beverages [except beers]

Class 34: Smokers’ Articles

Tobacco; Smokers’ articles; Matches

Service Classes

Class 35: Advertising, Business, and Retail Services

Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.

Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services

Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.

Class 37: Construction and Repair Services

Building construction; repair; installation services.

Class 38: Communication Services

Services allowing people to communicate with another by a sensory means.

Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services

Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement

Class 40: Treatment and Processing of Materials Services

Treatment of materials.

Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services

Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

Class 42: Computer and Software Services and Scientific Services

Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

Class 43: Restaurant and Hotel Services

Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodations.

Class 44: Medical and Beauty Services and Agricultural Services

Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture, and forestry services.

Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.


A trademark classification is a way by which documents pertaining to Trademark such as trademark and service mark applications are arranged by trademark examiners according to the description and scope of the types of goods or services to which the marks apply. Before filing the trademark registration application, it is necessary to identify the classes in which you want to seek the protection. However, the goods and services are classified in 45 classes.
For the purpose of trademark registration, trademark registry has classified the goods and services in 45 classes. The first 34 classes (Class 1 to 34) deal with the specifications of goods and the rest 11 classes (Class 35 to 45) deal with the specification of services. Each of the trademark class represents a different set of goods and services. While registering a trademark, it’s important to mention the correct class of goods or services in the trademark application. You can file the single trademark application for more than one class if trademark exists under multiple classes.

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